My research focus lies in three main areas, namely STIs/HIV/AIDS, Malaria and Gender based



My publications in this area sought to provide empirical data on prevalence and patterns of STIs/HIV/AIDS in this environment.  The sexual practices of young people, context in which sex occurs and health seeking behaviours were also described. Youths with reproductive health problems were referred for care. My initial findings showed that there are numerous misconceptions on HIV.

Intervention programmes implemented to address the knowledge gaps, improved knowledge and

attitudes on HIV/AIDS.  My papers show that exposure to comprehensive, multi focused interventions could play a significant role in preventing HIV infection, by encouraging young people to adopt safer sexual practices or abstaining from sexual intercourse and empowering them with factual information. A practical and feasible training programme which could be replicated in other schools was developed.

The importance of a multidisciplinary approach in the prevention and control of HIV was highlighted

and shared with other researchers.



My research on malaria sought to describe the epidemiology of this highly endemic disease.

Childhood morbidity and mortality was reduced by improving case management of malaria by

mothers and health workers, and by sensitizing patent medicine sellers and traditional healers. A

review of the capacity of primary and secondary health facilities to manage childhood malaria was

done and recommendations given to policy makers.  In addition, herbal remedies used to treat malaria in South West and South South Nigeria were studied to identify potential new antimalarials in Nigeria. 

A total of 112 different herbal remedies were compiled and 25 recipes presented. The routes of

administration of the herbs was also described.


Gender based Violence

My work in this area brought to the fore a public health problem that was previously condoned and

denied. My earlier work on HIV showed that gender based violence particularly sexual violence was

prevalent among young people. These studies involved the use of both quantitative and qualitative

research methods, and were conducted among different target groups comprising of hawkers,

apprentices, civil servants, media practitioners and pregnant women. My studies described the

prevalence and patterns of gender based violence in South West Nigeria. Triggers of violence and

coping mechanisms were identified.  Training workshops aimed at ending violence to women were

conducted for vulnerable young women and the male perpetrators.  In addition, police officers, judicial offices and journalist were sensitized and became advocates against abuse.  Multidisciplinary interventions comprising of education, dissemination of information, education and communication materials and provision of micro-credit facilities to young women were found to be effective in reducing prevalence of GBV and improving knowledge and attitudes.  Lastly, attention of researchers was drawn to the fourth type of violence (economic) which is also very lethal but has not received as much attention

as the other forms of violence.



As an epidemiologist I get involved in the work of other researchers, offering advice on the study

design and analysis of data.  Hence my papers with researchers from dentistry, hematology,

microbiology, parasitology, ear nose and throat, ophthalmology and pathology. The evidence based 

medicine approach is used to improve current understanding of medical conditions.