DEPARTMENTAL PHILOSOPHY

Pathology is the medical speciality that deals with the study of disease by employing laboratory techniques to determine the cause, pathogenesis, structural and functional changes that may be responsible for the clinical manifestations of disease, determine the cause of death, and prevent evolution of disease. This process involves application of laboratory methods to tissues and fluids obtained from the human body. A basic understanding of pathology is the foundation for a thorough understanding of clinical medicine. It in turn demands familiarity with normal structure (anatomy and histology), and function (physiology and biochemistry) of organs.
The subject matter of pathology bridges basic sciences (anatomy, physiology,and biochemistry) and clinical medicine (medicine, surgery, paediatrics, obstetrics and gynaecology, public health).

Previously, the Pathology postings in the College of Medicine, University of Ibadan comprised three six to eight week postings. The initial (Introductory) posting was devoted to lectures in general pathology, and practical and seminar sessions during which basic techniques in pathology were discussed with the medical students. The second (Block 1) posting is devoted to systemic pathology, along with practical sessions designed to demonstrate the gross and microscopic patterns of disease processes as seen in various systems of the body. The final (Block 2) posting was devoted to emphasise important concepts in general and systemic pathology.

A new MBBS/BDS curriculum is in the process of being implemented at the level of the College of Medicine. The aim of the undergraduate pathology postings is to produce medical graduates with sound knowledge of the basic concepts of laboratory medicine, pathogenesis of disease processes, basic pathologic processes and mechanisms of diseases sufficient to sustain the practice of medicine.

Broad Objectives

• To produce medical graduates with sound knowledge of the basic concepts of laboratory medicine, general pathology and of the pathogenesis of disease processes.

Specific Objectives

In pursuance of this goal, at the end of the course the student should be able to:

• Appreciate the inter-relationship between the four aspects of disease processes that form the core of pathology, viz: its cause (aetiology), the mechanisms of its development (pathogenesis), the biochemical and structural alterations induced in the cells and organs of the body (molecular and morphologic changes), and the functional consequences of these changes (clinical manifestations).

• Discuss the causes, morphologic features, and mechanisms of cell injury and its common end point, necrosis, with selected illustrative examples.

• Describe the sequence of events and mediators of acute and chronic inflammation, and then their morphologic patterns. As well as discussion of the principles of cell proliferation, the proliferative capacity of tissues, and the role of stem cells in tissue homeostasis.

• Describe the mechanism of disorders of haemodynamics (oedema, congestion, and shock), haemostasis, haemorrhage and thrombosis, as well as give common clinical examples.

• Understand and effectively discuss the three modes of human genetic inheritance and commonmodes of diagnosis of genetic diseases; immunological disorders as well as the general principles of neoplasia and the molecular basis of carcinogenesis.

2nd Posting – Integrated Block Posting II (300L 2nd Semester)

Broad Objectives

• To produce medical graduates that have a sound knowledge and understanding of pathologic processes involving the systems in the body, with emphasis on the role of molecular abnormalities in disease manifestation, as well as graduates that are proficient in the use of pathology techniques in the investigation of disease processes.

Specific Objectives

In pursuance of this goal, at the end of the course the student should be able to:

• Understand and describe the macro and microscopic patterns of diseases of the systems of the body.

• Illustrate the mechanism of development of the diseases arising in the body systems.

• Discuss the complications arising from the disease processes that are seen in the various systems of the body.

• Discuss the role of molecular abnormalities in the pathogenesis of diseases of

the systems of the body.

• Describe the histopathological techniques suitable for the investigation of the

diseases of the body systems.

Forensic Medicine Lectures –400L (Additional instruction will be given during the Medicine III Posting at 600L)

General Objective

• To produce medical undergraduates with adequate knowledge of forensic medicine and requisite knowledge and skills to facilitate the laboratory investigation of medico-legal problems.

Specific Objectives

In pursuance of this goal, at the end of the course the student should be able to:

• Describe the medico-legal system in operation in Nigeria, enumerate the occurrences that will warrant the ordering of a coroner's examination and list causes as well as describe the approach to the investigation of sudden unexpected death.

• Describe the organization, constitution and roles of the Medical and Dental Council of Nigeria.

• Conduct medico-legal examination of both living and dead bodies for the purposes of the law with a view to establishing the presence of unlawful or criminal acts.

• Identify and discuss common medico-legal problems.

• Provide credible evidence in the law court as to the cause, manner and mechanism of contentious deaths.

4th Posting – Integrated Revision Block Posting (500L 1st Semester)

Broad Objectives

•To consolidate the knowledge of general and systemic pathology and to produce medical graduates with sound theoretical knowledge of pathology to effectively sustain their medical practice.

In pursuance of this goal, at the end of the course the student should be able to:

• Demonstrate sound understanding of general pathology and apply same for the elucidation of pathogenesis of diseases and in the elaboration on the clinicpathologic correlation of disease processes.

• Demonstrate adequate knowledge and understanding of systemic pathology and apply same to the appreciation of disease aetiology and progression as an aid to effective clinical management of diseases.

• Be proficient in the use of pathologic techniques in the diagnosis of disease processes.

 
ADMINISTRATIVE OFFICERS
1. Prof. E.E.U. Akang- Head of Department
2. Mrs. Theresa Adu-Alade- Confidential Secretary
3. Mrs. C.O. Kayode- Cheif Typist
4. Mr. A.O. Oyetade- Office Assistant