Among others, the Department offers a wide range of clinical services, cancer registration services, full-time undergraduate, and part-time  postgraduate courses in Medicine, Medical Laboratory Sciences, and Histopathology including training for Cancer Registry Staff and Mortuary attendants.
In addition to the undergraduate MBBS/BDS programme detailed above, postgraduate training leading to the award of Professional Diplomas in Pathology (FMCPath, FWACP) is undertaken in the department. The Department also participates in the postgraduate residency training of specialists in all disciplines of Medicine and Surgery.
In addition to Surgical Pathology and Cytology services offered to the Teaching Hospital, the
Department offers an autopsy service to the hospital, which is used for the training of resident doctors and clinical medical students preparing for the MBBS and BDS Part 2 examinations in Histopathology. Autopsies are performed on clinical and medicolegal requests. Students are required to attend a minimum of 20 autopsies, assist in 5 autopsies, and submit five written up autopsy reports.

Weekly clinicopathological review meetings are held with the Department of Medicine, which are also attended by clinical medical students and residents rotating in Internal Medicine.

Neuropathology review sessions are held weekly in collaboration with participants from Neurology, Neurosurgery, Radiology, Psychiatry, and Paediatrics departments.

Fortnightly Surgical Pathology conferences are held with joint participation of Pathology and Surgery faculty and residents.

There is ongoing research in the Department in various aspects of Pathology. Specific major areas of research interest of individual Faculty members include

1. Molecular epidemiology of cancer (breast, prostate)

2. Hypertension in blacks

3. Role of Helicobacter pylori in gastric cancer and genetic determinants of
susceptibility to gastroduodenal diseases

4. Malignant lymphoma

5. Alzheimer disease (comparative cross-cultural study)

6. Paediatric pathology

7. Neuropathology.