1. 1)Area of Specialization (Academic staff only)

Environmental Biochemistry and Microbiology, Water Quality, Water and Waste Management (Domestic, Industrial, and hazardous), Waste Recycling, Food Safety and Hygiene, Vector Control, Climate Change, Monitoring/ Surveillance, Environmental Impact Assessment/Risk Assessment/ Environmental Audit, Environmental Education and Community Mobilization in Environmental Management.  

  1. 1)Curriculum Vitae

Full Name:                  SRIDHAR MYNEPALLI KAMESWARA CHANDRA

Date of Birth:                         8 December 1942                    Nationality:    Indian / Resident in Nigeria

Marital status:                        Married with three children

                                                        

Present Appointment:Professor of Environmental Health Sciences, Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Faculty of Public Health, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria

Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.), 1971, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India; a Thesis on

“Enzymes in sewage and sludges” was presented.

Master of Science (M.Sc.), First Class, 1964, Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda,  

Baroda, India; Field of study was Biochemistry with special paper in Fermentation Chemistry

Bachelor of Science (B.Sc.), First Class, 1961, Andhra University, Waltair, India; Subjects

studied were Chemistry, Botany and Zoology

  

Fellow, Royal Society of Health, U.K., (FRSH), (1978)

Member, Chartered Institution of Water and Environmental Management, U.K., (MCIWEM), (1984)

Chartered Chemist, and Member of Royal Society of Chemistry, U.K., (C.Chem., MRSC)

(1985)

Member, International Society of Environmental Epidemiology, USA, (1996)

*Fellow, Institute of Waste Management, Nigeria (2012)

3.3 Professional Career

January 28 to February 21, 2015: Visiting Professor, Department of Public and Environmental Health, University of The Gambia; Organized 3 Courses and mentored 12 Postgraduate Students at MPH and MSPH levels

November 7, 2012 to date, Professor of Environmental Health (Contract appointment), Department of Environmental Health Sciences,, Faculty of Public Health, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan

July 1, 2008 to November 6, 2012: Professor of Environmental Health Sciences, Department of Community Medicine, College of Health Sciences, Niger Delta University, Wilberforce Island, Bayelsa State, Nigeria.

1986 – September 30, 2008: Professor, and Head of Environmental Health, Department of

Epidemiology, Medical Statistics and Environmental Health, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria; the responsibilities include: Teaching various students in Health field (MBBS, MPH, Ph.D., B.Sc. Nursing, various Diplomas and training courses, and Residents in Public Health) and allied disciplines; Supervision of research of various postgraduate students (Ph.D., MPH, M.Sc. and M.Phil.) and undergraduate projects (B.Sc., MBBS and advanced Diplomas); Consultancy services to various industries, and government and private organizations in solving environmental health problems faced by them; In addition, served on various committees and expert panels in the College and University set up.

1992- September 30, 2008: Research Director. Environmental Sciences and Biotechnology, Institute

For Advanced Medical Research and Training (IMRAT), College of Medicine, University of Ibadan.

August 1999 – October 31, 2001: Chairman, Department of Epidemiology, Medical Statistics,

and Environmental Health

June 1989 - December 1995: Director, Ibarapa Community and Primary Health Care Programme, Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria; It is a teaching, research and service oriented programme and the responsibilities include: Supervision of about 50 employees who work in the Igbo-Ora Comprehensive Hospital; Organization of rural posting for over 200 students (MBBS, MPH, Nurses and Midwives, Community Health Officers and other electives from various places in Nigeria and abroad); Supervision of research activities of various students involving the communities; Overview of the welfare of the various categories of staff (medical, technical and administrative) numbering over 50; Management of the budget for the programme.

October 1986 - October 1987: Visiting Research Scientist at Swiss Federal Institute of Water Resources and Water Pollution Control, Dubendorf /Zurich, Switzerland; Associated with Professor Geoffrey Hamer, Biotechnology Department, on a research project on survival of pathogenic bacteria in water and sewage.

1983 - 1986: Reader (Associate Professor) and Head of Environmental Health Unit in the Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria; Responsibilities include teaching, research and consultancy services; Initiated various research projects related to water, wastes, foods and vectors of public health importance.

1980 - 1983: Senior Lecturer in Environmental Health, Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, University of Ibadan, Nigeria. Responsibilities include teaching, research and consultancy services.

1978 - 1980: Lecturer I in Environmental Health Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria. Responsibilities include teaching, research and consultancy services.

February - March 1980: Visiting Lecturer, Department of Environmental Health, American University of Beirut, Lebanon. Taught a course in Environmental Health to students of MPH.

October 1977 - September 1978: Lecturer II in Environmental Health in the Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria. Responsibilities include teaching and research; initiated various research projects besides teaching the medical students;

September 1976 - September 1977: Scientific Officer (Division of Chemical and Biological Sciences, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India) I was in-charge of the Consultancy services in the Division especially on the planning and evaluation of industrial pollutants and their effects on environment; suggesting guidelines on the control or prevention of industrial waste discharges; also acted as a consultant to Government and private organizations; My Laboratory was designated as a reference laboratory by the Karnataka State Water Pollution Control Board.

Part of 1974 - 1977: Guest Lecturer, Karnataka Engineering Research Station, Mysore, India. TaughtEnvironmental Chemistry and Microbiology to practicing Public Health Engineers.

January 1976 - August 1976: Project Assistant (Division of Chemical and Biological Sciences, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India). Involved in teaching postgraduate students and short-term workers; Undertook Research and Consultancy projects in the Division.

1970 - 1975: Senior Research Assistant (Department of Biochemistry, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India); taught Chemistry and Microbiology to Postgraduate and Undergraduate students on part-time and concentrated in research and consultancy activities in the Department; Area of specialty include Biochemistry and Microbiology and wastes including characterization, monitoring and treatment.

1964 - 1970: Research Fellow in Biochemistry, Department of Biochemistry, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India. Major emphasis was on research into the Waste water treatment; A new approach was made to explain the sewage purification by certain ciliated protozoa and bacteria through their enzymatic activities.

1961 - 1962: Demonstrator in Botany, A. J. Kalasala, Machilipatnam affiliated to Andhra University, Waltair, India). Taught practical Botany to Undergraduate students.

3.4 Distinctions and Honours

  1. Won several prizes in the School and College for merit
  2. Merit scholarship during Masters programme
  3. Junior and Senior Research Fellowships during Ph.D. programme A Biographical sketch was published in Marquis Who's Who in the World for 1989/90 and every year to date "which is limited to those individuals who have demonstrated outstanding achievement in their own fields of endeavor and who have, therefore, contributed significantly to the betterment of contemporary society".
  4. Was responsible (along with three other colleagues) for the University of Ibadan winning a Nigerian National Merit Award for 1996 awarded by the Ministry of Science and Technology, “for developing Organo-mineral fertilizer pellets for Technological development and self sufficiency in the country”.
  5. Was responsible as Consultant for Two Best Practice Awards for 1998 from the Federal Ministry of Works and Housing (Instituted by UN HABITAT), Abuja, for the composting Plant developed at one of the major markets in Ibadan (awards were given to Ibadan Solid Wastes Management Authority, and Sustainable Ibadan Project for which the plant was designed and commissioned on July 16, 1998.
  6. Won the ‘Best Practice Award’ by UN HABITAT/Dubai, year 1999 for the Pace Setter Organic Fertilizer Plant designed and commissioned for Oyo State Government.
  7. Won “Sanitation Consultant of the Year 2006” Award by EARTHWATCH, a Nigerian Non Governmental Organization, based in Port Harcourt, Nigeria.
  8. Awarded the Society for Environmental Health of Nigeria, 22 August 2007, “Award for Excellence in Environmental Health Practice”.

3.5 Membership on Various Committees

  1. Expert member to work out a scheme to treat waste water Containing organic and inorganic chemicals from Indian Institute of Science campus (1975).
  2. Expert member to examine the effluent standards for Sugar mills in India (1976).
  3. Expert member to examine effluent standards for organic Chemical industries in India (1976).
  4. Member to organize a National Seminar on Water and food quality in Nigeria (1983, 1985 and 1986).
  5. Member to control water hyacinth in Nigerian waters (1986)
  6. Member to suggest improvement in the environmental quality of University College Hospital, Ibadan with special reference to water, waste waters, solid wastes, food safety and pest control (1986).
  7. Member on environmental sanitation Task Force, University of Ibadan (1987 - to date
  8. Member, Departmental Postgraduate Admissions Committee (1988; 1993 to date).
  9. Member and Chairman, College of Medicine Consultancy Services, Ibadan (1987 to1991).
  10. Departmental Representative, Faculty Postgraduate Committee (1989 to 1995).
  11. Member, College of Medicine, and Faculty Appointments and Promotions Committee (1989 to date).
  12. Acting Chairman of the Department of Preventive and Social Medicine on several occasions.
  13. Referee to some Scientific Journals in India, UK and in Nigeria.
  14. Convener on a 4-man Committee to advise the University College Hospital on the celebration of 1990 World Health Day (1990).
  15. Member, Departmental Postgraduate Advisory Committee (1989 to date).
  16. Chairman, Postgraduate Subcommittee to draft a Masters Programme in Environmental Management and Technology (1995).
  17. Chairman, Working Group on Waste Management, Sustainable Ibadan Project, a UNCHS assisted urban renewal programme being experimented in Nigeria (1996- 1998); Continued as a Member of the Committee to date.  
  18. Founding Member, Nigerian Network for Awareness and Action for Environmental Health (NINAAFEH) -- (1997-todate).
  19. Member of a Committee, to draft Environmental Sanitation Policy, Federal Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources, Abuja, Nigeria, 2003-2004.
  20. Member of a Committee, to draft Healthcare Waste Management Policy, Federal Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources, Abuja, Nigeria, 2004-2005
  21. Chairman, University of Ibadan Subcommittee on Waste Management on campus 2007
  22. Member/Facilitator, University of Ibadan Clean and Green Programme, 2007-2008
  23. Member, University of Ibadan 60th Anniversary Exhibition Committee, 2008.
  24. Member, Expert Committee to develop NESREA standards and regulations on Environmental Sanitation and Pollution Control, 2008
  25. Resource person/Facilitator, Second National Stakeholders Forum on the New Mechanism for Environmental Protection and Sustainable Development in Nigeria, National Environmental Standards and Regulations Enforcement Agency (NESREA), Transcorp Hotel, Abuja, October 14-16, 2008
  26. Resource person / Facilitator, First National Environmental Summit, Organized by Federal Ministry of Environment, Housing and Urban Development, Abuja, Transcorp Hotel, October 19-20. 2008.
  27. Resource person / Facilitator, Port Health Policy Development Workshop, Port Health Services, Ministry of Health, Abuja, November 12-13, 2008.
  1. Editorial Experience in Research books / learned Journals
  2. Review Editor for Journal of Environmental and Public Health, Online Journal based in UK
  3. Editorial Board Member of Journal of Environmental Health, Nigeria, Abuja,
  4. Editorial Board member, Journal of Public health, University of Calabar
  5. Editor-in-Chief, African Journal of Environmental Health Sciences
  6. Reviewer for various Journals:
  7. African Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences, Nigeria
  8. Waste Management Research, UK
  9. Journal of Environmental Health Research, UK
  10. Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal, Lagos, Nigeria
  11. Reviewer for Ede Polytechnic Annual Conference Proceedings

3.7 Computer skills

Proficient or limited skills in using MS Office including spread sheets, MS Publisher, Graphics, Epi-Info package, SPSS, Adobe Pagemaker, Powerpoint, Scanning and digital graphics..

3.8 Accomplishments

  1. Initiated researches on the aquatic macrophytes in the removal of heavy metals and its application to waste management.
  2. First time showed that normal tadpoles can remove Cyclopes, the invertebrate vector from pond waters which can be used as an intervention to control Dracunculiasis in tropical developing countries.
  3. Initiated source separation of household wastes in Nigeria and applied in various high-density communities in Ibadan and Lagos. Community mobilization was used in the process which has aroused awareness in urban communities and led to improved recycling among communities.
  4. A household biogas digester was developed and was awarded a patent by the Federal Republic of Nigeria.
  5. Conversion of organic wastes into organic and organo-mineral fertilizer; a patent was awarded by the Federal Republic of Nigeria 2006. This is translated into community fertilizer plants in the country:

(i) A 20-ton per day capacity organo-mineal fertilizer plant was designed and built for Bodija market in Ibadan (1998), Nigeria which is the first prototype demonstration project for the country. This has aroused interest all 0ver the country and the Federal Government has recommended for the entire country as a part of “Waste to Wealth Initiative” and as a strategy for “Poverty Alleviation” and Sustainable Development. Based on this, UNDP and UNCHS have engaged my expertise in propagating this technology to 36 States in the country through Workshops. University of Ibadan, Sustainable Ibadan Project and Ibadan Waste Management Authority have bagged National and international merit awards and appreciation. I was the architect of this programme and mobilized a team under “Foundation for Environment and Technology”. Now it is renamed as “Environmental Development Foundation”.

      (ii) A 5-ton per day capacity organo-mineral fertilizer plant was designed and built for Ayeye

community, Ibadan (2002) where sorting of non-biodegradable and biodegradable were practiced and composted.

      (iii) A 5-ton per day capacity food residual conversion to compost (2002) was developed for a

flow station for Shell Petroleum Development Company, Forcados, Delta Sate

(iv) A 15- ton per day capacity Integrated Waste Management Complex was designed and built (2005) for Oyo State Government at Orita-Aperin, Ibadan where an organo-mineral fertilizer plant, a plastic recycling plant and a scrap metal recycling plant were designed and built for management of Solid waste generated in Ibadan.

(v) A 25-ton per day capacity organo-mineral fertilizer plant, a 5-tpn per day plastic recycling plant and a 1-ton per hour metal scrap recycling plant are being built for the Ondo State Government at State capital, Akure, Nigeria (July 2006). It is being operated for three months.

(vi) A 10-ton per day capacity organo-mineral fertilizer plant was designed and installed for Niger State Urban Development Board, Minna (March 2007).

(vii) A 5-10 ton per day capacity organo-mineral fertilizer plant, and one 2.5-ton per day capacity plastic/Nylon recycling plant was designed and being installed for Aleshinloye market, Ibadan (Commissioned in 2010).

  1. Initiated resource reuse and recycling projects for bones, animal blood, crop residues and waste plastics, which are a problem in many urban centers.
  2. Formed a “Heavy Metals Research Group” and initiated researches on lead, Cadmium, Arsenic and also other toxic compounds. This experience is being used in creating awareness among communities.
  3. Initiated solar disinfection for treating domestic water supplies and also “Water for Vending”. This simple strategy of exposing the water on the rooftop to solar radiation is a practicable alternative to various costly methods used in developing countries.
  4. A novel iron removal method was developed for a textile mill in Lagos, which has yielded some good results and saved money for the mill.
  5. For the first time, Waste management for Health Care Facilities was carried out in the country involving 53 Healthcare facilities; the Federal Ministry of Environment is now developing a Policy on the management strategies for such hazardous wastes nation wide.
  6. Initiated Environmental Biotechnology and contributed to the waste treatment, pathogen survival strategies in environment.
  7. Initiated researches on phytoremediation of contaminated soils using sunflower (Helianthus annuus L. and Tithonia diversifolia) which has application on heavy metal contaminated soils around industries (A battery industry and a paint industry were field tested).
  8. Developed Root zone technology for smaller communities to treat their domestic waste waters around the houses. Here, plant species, e.g. Phragmites karaka, Ipomea sp. and Canna lily were used for field trials. A treatment plant is set up for Rolled Steel Company Ltd, Ibadan to treat metal containing effluents.
  9. Designed, built and operated biogas digesters (5 to 13m3 capacity) and trained over 200 EHOs at FUTO, Owerri, Institute of Health Technology, Makarfi, Kwara State University, near Ilorin and University of Ibadan.
  10. Initiated a Smokeless Charcoal Production technology in the Department of Environmental Health Sciences and organized a Hands-on Training programme for staff of Oyo State Ministry of Industry, Applied Science and Technology.
  11. Initiated a ‘Renewable Resources Centre’, in September 2013, a Joint venture between Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Faculty of Public Health and the Teaching and Research Farm, University of Ibadan.
  12. Trained over 200 postgraduate students (at Masters and Doctoral levels) since 1977 and several of them hold key positions in Government, industry, and other national and international agencies.

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3.9 Teaching Experience

      Experience since 1962 at various levels in various capacities.

a) Undergraduate programmes (Prior to 2008)

1) MBBS Years 2, 3, 4, and 5- Taught Environmental Health Sciences, conducted Field visits,

organized Public Health and Environmental Health Laboratory exposure;

2) BSc Nursing- Taught Environmental Health Sciences;

b) Postgraduate programmes (Current)

1) Masters level

Master of Public Health (Environmental Health): Started the maiden programme, in 1993 and

trained students from 10 to 35 every year. This is equivalent to MPhil and involves a project running to 2 semesters. Taught Environmental Health Sciences to students from the following Programmes:

MPH (Health Promotion and Education)

MPH (Epidemiology and Biostatistics)

MPH (Field Epidemiology)

MPH (Clinical Epidemiology)

MPH (Reproductive & Family Health)

MPH (Community Health)

MPH (Occupational Health)

MSc (Medical Demography)

2) Ph.D level Students from various Departments

1) Environmental Health Sciences

2) Health Promotion and Education

3) Epidemiology

4) Community Medicine

5) Civil Engineering

6) Botany and Microbiology

7) Agronomy

3) Project Supervision

Various projects in the areas of Environmental Health Sciences were supervised. Over 250 postgraduate students at Masters Level (From Faculties of Public Health, Technology and Sciences) and about 40 at Doctoral level were supervised from Faculties of Public Health, Agriculture, Science and Technology.

  1. 2)Research Focus
    1. Waste to Wealth
    2. Waste to Energy
    3. Environment and Health
    4. Environmental Assessment
    5. Food hygiene and Safety
    6. Integrated Vector Management
  1. 3)Linkages/Collaborations

Developed multidisciplinary and multi-institutional collaborations on various environmental projects at individual level. Some of these include: Department of Civil Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Teaching and Research Farm, Agronomy, Forestry Research Institute, FUTO, College of Technology, Calabar, School of Health Technology, Makarfi, Kwara State University, Malete etc.